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April 26, 2024

Statistics Canada reports on food security and insecurity as part of the Canadian Income Survey.  Food insecurity refers to households that have inadequate or insecure access to food due to financial constraints.

In Nova Scotia, 71.1% of the population was classified as 'food secure' in 2022.  This was below the national average.  Food security was highest in Québec and lowest in Nova Scotia.  

Food insecurity in Nova Scotia was 28.9%.  Food insecurity is categorized as: marginal, moderate or severe.  Nova Scotia's marginal food insecurity was close to the national average (6.0% nationally vs 6.1% in Nova Scotia) while moderate and severe food insecurity in Nova Scotia were above the national average.

Food security was strongest for elderly persons (whether in economic families or not) as well as for non-elderly couples without children.

Food insecurity was highest for Nova Scotia's lone parent families (57.1%) as well as for couple families with children (34.8%) and non-elderly persons not in an economic family (32.5%).

Although the portion of couple families with children that experience food insecurity was lower than for lone-parent families, this is a much larger cohort of the population and accounts for the largest cohort of persons living with food insecurity.

Food insecurity in Nova Scotia was highest for those under 18 years old as well as for those aged 18-24.  Food insecurity diminished with age.

The gap in food insecurity between visible minority populations (37.5%) and those who identify neither as Indigenous nor a visible minority (26.8%) is larger than the national gap.  Quebec reported the largest gap in food insecurity between visible minority populations and those who identified neither as Indigenous nor a visible minority.  Alberta reported the smallest gap in food insecurity.    

Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Income Survey. Table 13-10-0835-01  Food insecurity by selected demographic characteristicsTable 13-10-0834-01  Food insecurity by economic family type

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Mike Milloy
Planning and Development Officer
Tel: 902-424-8800