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Nova Scotia is a province of rolling hills, flowing rivers and sharp cliffs. This province’s landscape and climate, has often been compared to that of Scotland. How fitting that Nova Scotia is in fact Latin for New Scotland!

Take a look at some of the facts about our land, sea and seasons.


Nova Scotia is 55,000 square kilometres in size.

  • Our province is connected to the province of New Brunswick and the rest of Canada, by the 28 kilometre Isthmus of Chignecto.
  • The Canso Causeway joins Cape Breton Island with mainland Nova Scotia.
  • Nova Scotia’s coastline, if you stretched it out as far as it would go, is 7,400 kilometres in length. But the overall length of the province is actually only 575 kilometres. The average width is 130 kilometres.
  • The highest point in Nova Scotia is at White Hill Lake in Victoria County, and is part of the Cape Breton Highlands National Park. It stands 530 metres above sea level.
  • The major rivers of Nova Scotia are the Annapolis, St. Mary’s, Medway, Mersey, Shubenacadie and Margaree. Shubenacadie is actually the longest river!
  • Our largest lake - we have 3,000 of them - is the Bras d’Or Lake in Cape Breton.


Nova Scotia’s daily temperatures vary, depending on the season.

The averages are:

  • Spring from 2° to 9° C
  • Summer from 16° to 24° C
  • Fall about 18° C
  • Winter about -3° C

We see all types of weather in Nova Scotia, including rain, snow, hail and our specialty...freezing rain. On an annual basis we receive an average of 1,178.1 millimetres of rainfall (a little less inland).

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