Government of Nova Scotia Government of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, Canada

Nova Scotia Archives ~

Census, Assessment and Poll Tax Records 1767-1827

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The database presented here brings together an assortment of early census, property assessment, and poll tax records, providing a total of 22,283 personal names. You can search the master database (Search Box immediately below) or if you want to narrow your search, each individual database (bottom of page or left-hand menu). The databases link to the digitized records themselves, all 800 pages of them. You have to open and explore these pages to find details such as (depending on the type of record) number and age grouping for people in the household, value of the property, and sometimes occupation and family religion.


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Two criteria have determined the selection of records for inclusion in this resource — the document must have survived in its original form, and the original must be in the custody of the Nova Scotia Archives. All indexing has been done from the originals and there has been no reliance on transcriptions prepared elsewhere.

None of the census, assessment or poll tax records presented here is complete for the province — even if they claimed to be so at the time. None of the individual returns is complete internally either; people and households were overlooked, and sections of communities were undoubtedly missed. Many documents, or portions thereof, have been lost over the years; some have been destroyed — various pages of several early census returns, for example, were mouldy when they arrived at the Archives 75 years' ago and were disposed of after transcription; others have deteriorated through time and handling — names that were legible 50 years ago have since literally crumbled away.

We will never know with certainty how many people really lived in Nova Scotia during these early years. Still, the records 'are what they are' — enduring testimony to individuals and families who once lived here and whose lives shaped and defined the province that we live in today.

The following individual record sets are available within the 'Census, Assessment and Poll Tax Records' resource:

Census Returns, 1767-1787 — RG 1 vol. 443

Census Returns for Granville, 1772 / 73 — MG 100 vol. 147

Census Records, 1827 — RG 1 vol. 446 and 447

Valuation Real Estate for Halifax and surrounding area, 1775 and 1776 — RG 1 vol. 411

Assessments Records for Town of Shelbune and outlying communities,1786 — MG 1 vol. 957

Poll Tax Records, 1791-1794 — RG 1 vol. 444