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Consumer Price Index
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an indicator of changes in consumer prices experienced by Canadians. It is obtained by comparing, over time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers. Since the basket contains goods and services of unchanging or equivalent quantity and quality, the index reflects only pure price change.

The CPI is widely used as an indicator of the change in the general level of consumer prices or the rate of inflation. Since the purchasing power of money is affected by changes in prices, the CPI is useful to virtually all Canadians. Consumers can compare movements in the CPI to changes in their personal income to monitor and evaluate changes in their financial situation.
For the latest information and historical data, please contact the individual listed below:

Mike Milloy
Planning and Development Officer

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Currently displaying information released on: March, 2017


In Nova Scotia February 2017, the consumer price index (2002=100) decreased 0.2 per cent from January 2017 to 131.4 and increased 1.4 per cent over February 2016.

The CPI, excluding food and energy, increased 0.2 per cent from January 2017 to 123.6, and increased 1.4 per cent over February 2017.


In Canada February 2017, the consumer price index (2002=100) increased 0.2 per cent from January 2017 to 129.7 and increased 2.0 per cent over February 2016.

The CPI, excluding food and energy, increased 0.4 per cent from January 2017 to 124.8, and increased 2.0 per cent over February 2016.

Compared with February 2016, CPI-Common rose 1.3 per cent, CPI-Median rose 1.9 per cent, and CPI-Trim rose 1.6 per cent.


In Halifax February 2017, the consumer price index (2002=100) decreased 0.2 per cent from January 2017 to 130.3 and increased 1.5 per cent over February 2016.

Statistics Canada Cat. No. 62-001, CANSIM 326-0020 326-0023


In Nova Scotia February 2017, annual consumer price inflation (year-over-year growth) was 1.4 per cent, below the national average of 2.0 per cent. Monthly consumer prices decreased 0.2 per cent in Nova Scotia, while nationally prices increased 0.2 per cent.

Within Atlantic Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador (+4.2 per cent), New Brunswick (+2.8 per cent) had the highest annual inflation compared with Prince Edward Island (+1.5 per cent) and Nova Scotia (+1.4 per cent). On July 1, 2016, the provincial component of the harmonized sales tax (HST) increased in both Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick. In Prince Edward Island, the provincial component of the HST was increased effective October 1, 2016.

All other provinces experienced positive annual inflation in February. 

Nova Scotia's annual consumer price inflation (year over year growth in CPI) excluding food and energy also rose 1.4 per cent in February, below the national rate of 2.0 per cent. Price level gains for this index were largest in Newfoundland and Labrador (+3.5 per cent) and New Brunswick (+3.0 per cent) and lowest in Saskatchewan (+0.9 per cent). On a monthly basis, Nova Scotia's index excluding food and energy increased 0.2 per cent.

The main contributors to the monthly (Feb 2017 vs. Jan 2017) NS CPI movement:
Travel tours (unavailable)
Women's clothing (+3.5 per cent)
Gasoline (-6.4 per cent)
Telephone services (-1.6 per cent)
The main contributors to the annual (Feb 2017 vs. Feb 2016) NS CPI movement:
Gasoline (+20.7 per cent)
Purchase and leasing of passenger vehicles (+3.3 per cent)
Fresh vegetables (-26.8 per cent)
Fresh fruit (-13.8 per cent)
The CPI for food in Nova Scotia declined 4.0 per cent year-over-year with a 0.3 per cent decrease month-over-month. CPI growth in food (year over year) declined in all provinces, with the largest decline in Prince Edward Island.   Nationally, annual food prices declined 2.3 per cent.

The Nova Scotia energy index increased by 12.1 per cent compared to a year ago. Energy prices were higher in all provinces compared to a year ago.  Energy prices saw the largest increase in Newfoundland and Labrador (+20.0 per cent) and Alberta (+18.1 per cent).

Major  Components

The following table shows the price increases specific to Nova Scotia for the major components of the CPI this month:

Long Run Trends
The All-Items CPI annual inflation rate for Nova Scotia was below Canada's in February 2017.  Since June 2014, Nova Scotia's annual inflation has been below the Canadian average except for three months in 2016: January, September and November.  While month to month movements in the indices can be different, over time they generally follow the same overall trend.

Annual inflation for the CPI excluding food and energy was lower for Nova Scotia (+1.4 per cent) than for Canada (+2.0 per cent).

Bank of Canada's preferred measures of core inflation

Compared with February 2016, CPI-Common rose 1.3 per, CPI-Median rose 1.9 per cent, and CPI-Trim rose 1.6 per cent in Canada.  All-items CPI excluding eight of the most volatile components as defined by the Bank of Canada and excluding the effect of changes in indirect taxes (formerly referred to as CPIX) rose 1.7 per cent year over year in February 2017.  Except for a 0.1 percentage point drop in CPI-Trim in February, all measures of core inflation were unchanged from January.

Appendix Tables



Source: Statistics Canada CANSIM Tables 326-0020 , 326-0023


In February, annual inflation was 2.0 per cent in the Euro Area and 1.9 per cent in the European Union.  In January, annual inflation was 1.8 per cent in the Euro Area and 1.7 per cent in the EU.  In February 2016, inflation in the Euro Area was -0.2 per cent and was -0.1 per cent in the EU.

The highest annual rates were recorded in Estonia, Belgium, Latvia and Lithuania.  The lowest rates were registered in Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria and Denmark.

The largest upward impacts to euro area annual inflation came from fuels for transport, vegetables and heating oil, while telecommunication, garments and gas had the biggest downward impacts.


Source: Eurostat