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Consumer Price Index
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an indicator of changes in consumer prices experienced by Canadians. It is obtained by comparing, over time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers. Since the basket contains goods and services of unchanging or equivalent quantity and quality, the index reflects only pure price change.

The CPI is widely used as an indicator of the change in the general level of consumer prices or the rate of inflation. Since the purchasing power of money is affected by changes in prices, the CPI is useful to virtually all Canadians. Consumers can compare movements in the CPI to changes in their personal income to monitor and evaluate changes in their financial situation.
For the latest information and historical data, please contact the individual listed below:

Mike Milloy
Planning and Development Officer

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Currently displaying information released on: October, 2017


In Nova Scotia September 2017, annual consumer price inflation (year-over-year growth) was 1.3 per cent, below the national average of 1.6 per cent. Monthly consumer prices were up 0.5 per cent in Nova Scotia and 0.2 per cent in Canada.

Within Atlantic Canada, PEI (+2.4%), New Brunswick (+1.7 per cent) and Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.4%) had higher inflation than in Nova Scotia. On July 1, 2016, the provincial component of the harmonized sales tax (HST) increased in both Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick. In Prince Edward Island, the provincial component of the HST was increased effective October 1, 2016.

All other provinces experienced positive annual inflation in September.


Nova Scotia's annual consumer price inflation (year over year growth in CPI) excluding food and energy rose 1.0 per cent in September, below the national rate of 1.2 per cent. Price level gains for this index were largest in PEI (+2.0 per cent), and lowest in Quebec (+0.4 per cent). On a monthly basis, Nova Scotia's index excluding food and energy increased 0.5 per cent.

The main contributors to the monthly (September 2017 vs. August 2017) NS CPI movement:
Gasoline (+8.5%)
Tuition Fees (+5.3%)
Cereal Products (excluding baby food) (-3.7%)
Dairy Products (-3.8%)
The main contributors to the annual (September 2017 vs. September 2016) NS CPI movement:
Gasoline (+12.6%)
Traveller accommodation (+10.0%)
Internet Access Services (-8.3%)
Non-alcoholic beverages (-11.1%)
The CPI for food in Nova Scotia declined 1.1 per cent year-over-year with a 0.5 per cent decrease month-over-month. CPI growth in food (year over year) declined in all Atlantic provinces. Nationally, annual food prices increased 1.4 per cent.

The Nova Scotia energy index increased by 7.4 per cent compared to a year ago. Energy price growth was smallest in Manitoba and Ontario on a year over year basis. Nationally, the index was up 4.9 per cent.  Energy prices saw the largest increase in Quebec and in the Maritimes.

Major  Components for August 2017

The following table shows the price increases specific to Nova Scotia for the major components of the CPI this month:

Long Run Trends
The All-Items CPI annual inflation rate for Nova Scotia was below Canada's in September 2017.  Since July 2014, Nova Scotia's annual inflation has been below the Canadian average except for three months in 2016: January, September and November.  While month to month movements in the indices can be different, over time they generally follow the same overall trend.

Annual inflation for the CPI excluding food and energy was lower for Nova Scotia (+1.0 per cent) than for Canada (+1.2 per cent).


Bank of Canada's preferred measures of core inflation

Compared with September 2016, CPI-Common rose 1.5 per cent, CPI-Median rose 1.8 per cent, and CPI-Trim rose 1.5 per cent in Canada.  All-items CPI excluding eight of the most volatile components as defined by the Bank of Canada and excluding the effect of changes in indirect taxes (formerly referred to as CPIX) rose 0.8 per cent year over year in September 2017.  

Appendix Tables



Source: Statistics Canada CANSIM Tables 326-0020 , 326-0023


In Nova Scotia September 2017, the consumer price index (2002=100) increased 0.5% from August 2017 to 133.3 and increased 1.3% over September 2016.

The CPI, excluding food and energy, increased 0.5% from August 2017 to 125.2, and increased 1.0% over September 2016.

In Canada September 2017, the consumer price index (2002=100) increased 0.2% from August 2017 to 130.8 and increased 1.6% over September 2016.

The CPI, excluding food and energy, increased 0.2% from August 2017 to 125.8, and increased 1.2% over September 2016.

Compared with September 2016, CPI-Common rose 1.5%, CPI-Median rose 1.8%, and CPI-Trim rose 1.5%.


In Halifax September 2017, the consumer price index (2002=100) increased 0.6% from August 2017 to 132.2 and increased 1.2% over September 2016.


Statistics Canada Note: Since 2001, the Bank of Canada's main measure of core inflation has been "core" consumer price index (CPIX) inflation, which excludes eight of the most volatile components of the CPI and adjusts the remainder for the effect of changes in indirect taxes. Following a review of a wide selection of measures of core inflation in 2015, in the context of its most recent renewal of the inflation-control target, the Bank chose three preferred measures of core inflation: (i) a measure based on a trimmed mean (CPI-trim); (ii) a measure based on the weighted median (CPI-median); (iii) a measure based on the common component (CPI-common). For more information see The Daily.


Statistics Canada Cat. No. 62-001, CANSIM 326-0020 326-0023


In September, annual inflation was 1.5 per cent in the Euro Area (stable compared to August) and 1.8 per cent in the European Union (up from 1.7 per cent in August). In September 2016, inflation in both the Euro Area and EU was 0.4 per cent.

The highest annual rates were recorded in Lithuania (4.6 per cent), Estonia (3.9 per cent), and Latvia (3.0 per cent).  The lowest rates were registered in Cyprus (0.1 per cent), Ireland (0.2 per cent) and Finland  (0.8 per cent).

The largest upward impacts to euro area annual inflation came from fuels for transport, restaurants and cafes, and tobacco. Social protection, telecommunications, and vegetables had the biggest downward impacts.


Source: Eurostat