View the Archive..April 24, 2014STUDY: EXPERIMENTAL MEASURES OF OUTPUT AND PRODUCTIVITY IN CANADIAN HOSPITAL SECTOR, 2002 TO 2010
The main objective of this study was to develop an experimental direct output measure for the Canadian hospital sector to estimate the labour productivity in Canada’s hospital sector. Labour productivity is a measure of economic output per unit of labour input. In the past, the volume of output was measured by the volume of inputs, such as labour costs for doctors, nurses, administrative staff, consumption of capital and intermediate inputs. An input-based output measure assumes that there are no productivity gains in the health care sector. As a result, it does not provide a measure of productivity performance for the sector.
A new experimental direct output measure of the hospital sector was produced by using the number of inpatient and outpatient cases by type for the Canadian hospital sector to estimate this sector's productivity.
This new output measure is based on the notion that the output in hospitals represents the treatment of a disease or condition. As treatments of different diseases and conditions involve different types of services, weights based on unit costs of treatments for each type of inpatient and outpatient case are applied to establish the direct output measure.
The volume index of the output of the hospital sector is estimated from aggregating the number of inpatient cases and outpatient cases using their cost share as weights. It also examines two potential sources of bias in this cost-weighted volume index: substitution bias and aggregation bias. The analysis reveals a large substitution bias in the volume index when inpatient treatment and outpatient treatment of the same medical disease or condition are aggregated using their respective unit costs as weights. The substitution bias essentially captures quality improvements associated with the shift away from inpatient treatment toward outpatient treatment. The volume index of the hospital sector output corrected for substitution bias increased 4.3% annually during the period 2002 to 2010.
The study estimated that labour productivity based on the direct output measure have increased 2.6% annually over the 2002 to 2010 period. This represents annual growth of 4.3% for output and 1.7% for hours worked in the sector. The labour productivity growth in hospitals was greater than the annual growth of 0.7% for the business sector over the same period.
Source: Statistics Canada’s research paper “Experimental Measures of Output and Productivity in the Canadian Hospital Sector, 2002 to 2010", part of the Canadian Productivity Review (15-206-X) series.
April 24, 2014NATURAL GAS OFFSHORE PRODUCTION, MARCH 2014
Since peak production in 2001-2002, Sable production has been declining. However the Deep Panuke field was brought into production in August 2013. Since then, total natural gas production is on the increase.
In March 2014, the Deep Panuke offshore energy platform pumped 223.1 million cubic metres of gas, up 2.4 percent from the previous month. In March 2014, the Sable offshore energy platform pumped 113.0 million cubic metres of gas, down 21.6 percent from the previous month.
April 23, 2014RETAIL TRADE FEBRUARY 2014
In Canada February 2014 retail sales (seasonally adjusted
) increased 0.5% from January 2014 to $41.0 billion and increased 3.7% over February 2013.
In Nova Scotia February 2014, retail sales (seasonally adjusted
) increased 1.4% from January 2014 to $1.14 billion and increased 5.0% over February 2013. On a year-to-date basis, retail sales increased 3.6% over Jan-Feb 2013 to $2.3 billion.
April 23, 2014FIREARMS AND VIOLENT CRIME IN CANADA, 2012
Both the number of victims and the rate of firearm-related violent crime in Canada fell by more than one-quarter between 2009 and 2012. Police services reported 5,600 victims of firearm-related violent crime in 2012, about 1,800 fewer victims of this type of crime than in 2009. This represented a rate of 21 victims per 100,000 population in 2012, down from 29 victims per 100,000 population in 2009.
April 22, 2014NEW MOTOR VEHICLE SALES, JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2014
In January-February 2014, Nova Scotia motor vehicle unit sales increased 0.8% over Jan-Feb 2013. The 5,658 new vehicles sold from January to February represented a value of $173 million, up 2.3% compared with motor vehicle sales values from the same period in 2013.
In February 2014, year-to-date Canadian unit sales increased 0.7 per cent over Jan-Feb 2013 to 205,125 units. Year-to-date dollar sales were in positive territory, increasing 2.3 per cent over Jan-Feb 2013 to $7.2 billion.